Yau Kung Mun

Yau Kung Mun

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Yau Kung Mun is a rare southern Chinese Kung Fu system dating back to the Tang Dynasty, with its roots in the Shaolin Temple. It is regarded as an internal system, but also contains the external influences of Bak Mei. Yau Kung Mun includes external & internal hand forms, two man forms & drills, weapons training, chi kung, iron palm, dragon & lion dancing, meditation, and Chinese medicine.

Yau Kung Moon (also Yau Kung Mun and YKM)(Chinese: 柔功門) is a Southern Chinese martial art that originated in the Tang Dynasty (618-907 CE) with a Shaolin monk named Ding Yang (~800 CE) and is closely related to Bak Mei.

The name 柔功門 is Cantonese and roughly translates to “the style of flexible power”. The Hong Kong and US schools usually use the romanization “Yau Kung Moon” or “Yau Kung Mon”, whereas the Australian schools use the romanization “Yau Kung Mun”.

Origins: For much of its history, this style was taught only within the confines of the Shaolin Temple and then only to confirmed monks.

During the time of the Qing Dynasty (1644-1911 CE) the temple was again destroyed and many of the monks were hunted and killed. One of the surviving monks was Doe Sung – a skilled Yau Kung Moon disciple.

Doe Sung then taught a Buddhist monk named Tit Yun. Tit Yun was the first to pass the tradition on to a layperson when he accepted Ha Hon Hung (1892-1962) as a disciple in 1915. Ha Hon Hung had also studied Choy Lee Fut with his brother, Ha Sang and Bak Mei with Cheung Lai Chun.

In 1924, Ha Hon Hung opened up the first Yau Kung Moon Academy at the Pearl River Martial Arts Club in Guangzhou (Canton) and formed the Ha Hon Hung Sports Association. Yau Kung Moon primarily gained popularity in the Cantonese-speaking region of China, but remains somewhat uncommon outside of the region. It is taught in several countries but is most active in Guangzhou, Hong Kong, the US and Australia.

History: The history of Yau Kung Mun dates back to the Tang Dynasty (618-907AD) in the Shaolin Temple of Honan Province, where Buddhist monk Ding Yang first created the style. As a monk he spent his life perfecting and refining the technical skills of this art, while working on his own perfection as a martial artist and a spiritual person.

Being a very humble and withdrawn man he decided not to give the style a name, and after time the style became known as “The Style With No Name”. For hundreds of years the art of Yau Kung Mun was taught only within the confines of the Shaolin Temple, and only then to one monk per generation.

During the time of the Ching Dynasty (1644-1911 AD) the Manchu emperor destroyed the Shaolin Temple and many monks were killed. Some monks survived and escaped capture, one of these monks being Doe Sung – a skilled Yau Kung Mun disciple. Doe Sung passed the style down to another Buddhist monk, Tit Yun who was famous for his iron body training; his every strike to his opponents was as if they had been hit by iron bars. Tit Yun was the practitioner to finally give the style a name – Yau Kung Mun, meaning style of flexible power. He was also the first monk to pass on the tradition to the public by accepting a layperson as a disciple – that disciple was Ha Hon Hung.

Ha Hon Hung was the person who brought Yau Kung Mun to the attention of the world. Throughout his life he taught many great masters, as well as starting the Ha Hon Hung Sports Association in Hong Kong, which now has Yau Kung Mun schools all over the world and is famous for its lion and dragon dancing and Chinese herbal medicine (Dit Dar).

Stylistic Distinctions: The Yau Kung Moon System is representative of southern styles in being based on a low, stable horse stance. It employs many upperbody techniques and most kicks are kept low. The YKM stance resembles the familiar “ding gee ma” or Kung-Fu side horse but back arch is more pronounced and the shoulders are thrown forward with arms and hands protecting the chest and groin area. Defense is natural since the critical areas of the body are behind the protective wall of the shoulders and arms. Kicks or punches delivered within range of the practitioner would still be out of range of vital areas. This same stance also lends itself readily to offense as the arms are already in the attack position and the back leg has the distance of leverage required for powerful kicking.

Yau Kung Moon has both an external and internal training. However, like most other styles of Kung-Fu renowned for their internal power, the individual systems’ manifestation of internal power are still, somewhat secretive. The majority of early forms are primarily external while the most advanced forms evolve into primarily internal. The external training consists of 13 fist and 28 weapon sets. Besides the 18 classical weapons (see the Eighteen Arms of Wushu), weapon sets using common farm implements (the hoe, long chair, spade, etc.) are also part of the system.

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