Retuinskih System ROSS
Retuinskih System ROSS (Russian: Ð ÐžÐ¡Ð¡, short for Ð Ð¾ÑÑÐ¸ÌÐ¹ÑÐºÐ°Ñ ÐžÑ‚ÐµÌÑ‡ÐµÑÑ‚Ð²ÐµÐ½Ð½Ð°Ñ Ð¡Ð¸ÑÑ‚ÐµÌÐ¼Ð° Ð¡Ð°Ð¼Ð¾Ð·Ð°Ñ‰Ð¸ÌÑ‚Ñ‹; English transliteration: Rossiyskaya Otechestvennaya Sistema Samozashchity; translated as Russian Native System of Self-Defense) is a martial system trademarked by Russian General Alexander Retuinskih related to Systema.
ROSS is its official name given by the All-Russian Federation of Russian Martial Arts (RFRMA). It is conceived more as a methodology of performance enhacement for combat, applicable to any martial art, rather than a closed system.
General Retuinskih’s experience includes being a USSR Boxing and Combat Sambo champion, and a Sambo and Judo Master of Sports champion, as well as being the partner to Alexey Kadochnikov in Kadochnikov’s Systema until their separation in 1991.
In 1991, Alexander Retuinskih patented Rossijskaya Otechestvennaya Systema Samozashchity or in acronym, R.O.S.S., “Russian Native System of Self-defense.” .
Russian Martial Art R.O.S.S. gained its first appearance and proliferation due to the efforts of USA National Sambo Team Coach and Champion Scott Sonnon.
Most notably in the 1999 Special “Russian Martial Arts” Edition issue of World of Martial Arts Magazine, “Secrets of Russian Martial Arts” Black Belt Magazine (February 2001), “Secrets of Russian Martial Arts Part 2″ Black Belt Magazine (October, 2001). Coach Sonnon was appointed the North American Director of the Governing Body for Russian Martial Art R.O.S.S. in May 1996.
In 2007, Alexander Retuinskih was voted one of the “100 Most Influential People in Russia”. General Retuinskih presented ROSS in the History Channel’s martial art documentary entitled “The Human Weapon Episode: Sambo Russia’s Extreme Fighting”.
R.O.S.S. is a system of hand-to-hand, close quarter defensive grappling, striking and movement principles that embraces armed as well as unarmed assailants. The traditional standing fight of Buza as well as groundwork means that R.O.S.S. is an effective system in realistic self-defence situations.
R.O.S.S. students develop through principle based learning as opposed to set techniques and routines. The five principles guide striking, falling, grappling, neutralizing and weapon work. Triangle, Question Mark, Carousel, Spiral and Figure Eight are principles applied to an attacker. R.O.S.S. defence using these principles requires the user to innately develop a sound awareness of body mechanics, anatomy, kinesiology and physiology.
The Effortless-Relaxation Principle develops an understanding around the psychology of aggression/anxiety management. R.O.S.S. is practical and effective when applied. It can only be learnt and understood through physical training. Training for reality is another foundation principle underpinning the system. Books and videos are useful as an aid to learning, however the student can only acquire R.O.S.S. competencies through attendance at club, training and seminar work.
ROSS undertakes training in 8 directions:
- Russian-Style Close-Quarters Combat and Survival
- Renovated SAMBO
- Executive and Close Protection Training
- Advanced Sports Biomechanics
- Acrobatic Dance, Stunt and Theatrical Combat
- Russian System of Health and Wellness
- Russian Fisticuffs
R.O.S.S. History: R.O.S.S. (Rossijskaya Otechestvennaya Sistema Samozashschity) is an integration of skills, competencies and exercises that were developed by Russian fighters over a thousand years. It brings together and reflects the cultural and ethnic diversity with respect to fighting and combat styles, found across Russia and its neighbours. The modern collective of ROSS was formed by the evolution of combat styles developed in the various regions, villages and great families of imperialist Russia.
R.O.S.S. developed from the combat aspect of Sambo Wrestling, by one of the modern founders of Sambo – Vladimir Spiridonov. Spiridonov, a student of the father of Sambo, Oshschepkov developed the Russian System of self defence that was adopted for hand to hand techniques in World War 1 and for specialist training in World War 2. R.O.S.S. continued to develop secretly, known to few, as a highly guarded system for the Russian Military and Elite Forces.
In the early 1990′s, General Alexander Retuinskih developed R.O.S.S. becoming its principle researcher, educator and practitioner. He is recognised as the World Head of Family for the R.O.S.S. movement. The organisation he created and built now supports annexes and chapters all over the world (See International R.O.S.S. Links Page). He is renowned as both an expert practitioner and educator by his students worldwide. General Retuinskih’s R.O.S.S. organisation is formally recognised by the Russian Government and the Olympic Federation of Russia.
The R.O.S.S. Academy in St Petersburg, Russia, works hard to promote R.O.S.S. and has developed an academic pathway at the University of St Petersburg as well as seminars, Winter and Summer Training Camps. R.O.S.S. has been promoted in Sport, Education and Health.You might also like: