List of Silat Styles
Silat (also called Pencak Silat} refers to a family of martial arts native to South-East Asia (primarily Indonesia, Malaysia, and the Southern Philippines).
One of the oldest Silat arts in Malaysia. It is believed to have been founded in 512 AH (Hijrah Year), which is 1118 AD. It is believed to have been taught to the Sultan of Kedah’s family in the year 1556 AD, during the era of the ‘Old Kedah Dynasty’ (before Malacca). It was a secret art of the Sultan’s family for centuries before it was finally open to the public by the late Pak Yahya Said in 1963. Its siblings Silat Kalimah Yahya Said, Silat Kalimah Malaysia, Silat Kalimah Panglima Tangkas and Silat Kalimah Amin are very similar in form and history. Other very closely related systems are Silat Cekak Hanafi, Silat Cekak Malaysia, Silat Panglima Tok Rashid, Silat Kalam and Silat Kuntau Tekpi.
Silat Tuo Minangkabau
–Traditional Dance, Healing & Martial Arts of Sumatra, Indonesia. Headed by Sh. Bapak Waleed of the International Silat Federation of America. Silat Tuo includes the silat styles of Seni Silat Haqq, Kumango Silat, Pauh Silat, Lintao Silat, Sterlak Silat, Harimau Silat, and Minangkabau Silat among others.
Traditional Indonesian Pencak Silat, combining comprehensive groundwork, strikes, grappling & weapons. The kembangan (flower dance) plays a central role in this system. Headed by Guru Ma Prem, and taught by Pendekar Steve Benitez in London.
Pencak Silat Bantaran Angin
The Indonesianised name of the Ishikawa-Kyushin Ryu Jujutsu which were first brought by a Japanese soldier by the name of Ishikawa during the Second World War to PETA (Pembela Tanah Air) soldiers.
Also known as Silat Indonesia is a modern Indonesian Pencak Silat which has evolved from several martial arts combines traditional silat, practical self defence, combat skills and internal martial arts. Founded in 1999 and headed by Kak Jimmy Thaibsyah.
Has a close relative of Sindo, which borrows from Karate, Tenaga Dalam and possibly the Chinese energy arts such as Qigong. Unknown founder but known lineage of Tagashi and Lionel Nasution, who studied alongside Kak Jimmy Thabsyah in the 1970s.
Pencak Silat Tenaga Dasar was founded in 1987 and headed by Kak Jimmy Thaibsyah. Sponsored by Bpk Bambang Trihatmodjo and Bpk Rosano Barack within the Bimantara Group in Indonesia. Following Kak Jimmy’s resignation in 1999, PSTD is now headed by Bpk Rosano Barack.
Tapak Suci – Putera Muhammadiyah
This is a well-known silat aliran. It’s spreading over the world especially through Indonesian immigrants in Netherland or through Muhammadiyah branches all over the world. The typical style of Tapak Suci are red uniforms and Islamic way of philosophy. Nowadays, The Perguruan Tapak Suci is one of the biggest perguruan in Indonesia.
Persatuan Pencak Silat Inti Ombak
Indonesian Pencak Silat base on mataram and madura style teach internal and external aspect of human body by Guru Daniel Prasetya
Persatuan Gerak Badan
(also known as PGB or Bangau Putih) was founded in 1952 in Bogor and has branches in Europe, North America and the Middle East
Silek Tuo and Silek Harimau
traditional old styles from the Minangkabau people in West Sumatra meaning “Old Silek” and “Tiger Silek”
Pencak Silat Pertempuran
A silat style composed of Pencak Silat Pamur and Sterlak Silat primarily. Other Indo-Malay silat influences include: Seni Bela Diri Silat Jati Wisesa, and Raja Monyet Silat. It translates to Combat Silat.
Perguruan Pencak Silat Padjadjaran Nasional
Traditional west-javanese styles are combined in this aliran, the European branche is represented by Leo Lindeman.
Pencak Silat Sharaf
Muslim Silat, formerly known as Silat Mubai.
Pencak Silat Qutuz
Muslim Silat, the core Silat of Tactical Combat Management Systems.
Martial practice of the Qadiri Rifai Tariqa
Pencak Silat Pukulan Bongkot is a Silat style originated by Kepala Aliran Harry de Thomis, and based mainly on Serak, Cimande and Derosemo, with the adding of some elements of Panca Bela.
Pukulan Pentjak Silat Serak (or Pukulan Pentjak Silat Sera)
A system founded by Pak Sera and expanded by Mas Djoet. Several regional variations exist.
A silat styles that origins in 1550. The branches are widespread throughout the world, USA, Netherlands and other nations besides Indonesia.
Paguron Penca Silat Nampon
Martial art with double functions, self defence and the usage possessing the characteristics of Inner Energy. Nampon – Syahbandar – Kari – Madi movements basically returns each opponentâ€™s attack, pull, push and return with a counter attack. Founded by Nampon 1932, The major study consists of 10 steps , mixing the combination of various body movements and the waves bursts of the senses, thus developing into an art of defence. The uniqueness of Nampon-Trirasa , it possesses 2 chracateristics; the reflexive movement of self defence with the movement of art performance. Commonly known as Ibing Penca Silat.
Pak Tisari Majoeki, founder, developer of the curved rattan stick, Lineage holder Maha Guru “Pak Vic” de Thouars.
This is a modern, modified style of Sera designed by Serak lineage holder Pendekar Paul de Thouars.
Bukti Negara Byang Pusaka
a modern fusion of Bukti Negara and Kung-Fu techniques. Invented by Jerry Griffin, an accomplished Silat Practitioner. Practiced only by a handful, it is considered an obscure branch of Bukti Negara.
combines Kuntao and Silat, as taught by Willem de Thouars.
The official National Silat of Java, Indonesia. Perisai Diri (PD) is, according to its founder, Pak Dirdjo, silat asli Melayu, that is, native or original silat in the sense of being a Malay-Muslim art of self-defense. Pak Dirdjo admits that PD is an eclectic system that combines different methods of combat selected from various ethno-cultural sources which have influenced the development of Indonesian culture since at least as early as the seventh century AD. PD as an international organisation can be found being practised in the following countries: Indonesia, Netherlands, Australia, Germany, Japan, Malaysia, United Kingdom, U.S.A.
along with Sera (monkey style) Pamacan (tiger style) and Trumbu (stick fighting) are styles of Pencak Silat founded by Embah Kahir in the late 1700′s in West Java. These arts still exist in some villages located on the Cimande river, including the village of Tarik Kolot. Today there are over 300 variations of Cimande.
Pukulan Cimande Pusaka
A style of Cimande descended from Mas Jut, taught by Pendekar William Sanders. This style includes the original Embah Kahir arts from Tarik Kolot village.
Pencak Silat Mande Muda
West Javanese Silat.
Pencak Silat Gerakan Suci
An evolution of Pencak Silat Mande Muda
History of Perisai Putih The full name is: PERGURUAN SILAT NASIONAL PERISAI PUTIH. In short: P.S.N. PERISAI PUTIH.
Founded in SURABAYA op 1 JANUARY 1967. The founder’s name is: Bapak Raden Achmad Bustami Bara Subrata Place of birth: SUMENEP (MADURA INDONESIA) Died on: 27 DECEMBER 1987 IN SURABAYA Current Chairman: Drs. Achmad Maksoem Current head teacher: Dhr. S. Himantoro
Seni Gayung Fatani Malaysia
a Malaysian style originating from the Fatani Province in Southern Thailand. One of the four reputedly largest silat school of Malaysia.
One of the four reputedly largest silat school of Malaysia.
A different kind of silat. It is more to defensive-type of silat because it applies 99% defending technique and only 1% attacking technique. This silat does not have any Bunga, Langkah Gerak or Kuda-kuda. The movements or counter-attacks of this silat is quite unpredictable because it doesn’t apply Kuda-kuda in its movements. Reputedly one of the four largest silat schools of Malaysia.
A type of silat practiced in Malaysian Armed Forces.
One of the four reputedly largest silat school of Malaysia.
Silat Teralak Asli
One of the lagest silat in Kelantan. A different kind of silat because it is more specific in ‘tapak’ to defent the skill and very fast movement to step forward when attacking and defending. It is more to ‘terlatah’ in counter-attack. Sadly, there is no much information available about Silat Starlak. I have heard from some pendekar in Indonesia that the Starlak/Sterlak style originated from Kamang, Agam Regency of West Sumatra by Ulud Bagindo Chatib (1865). From there it spread to the Indonesian archipelago and to Semenanjung (Malaysia). The founder or “Grand Master” of the Starlak style was Tuanku Syech Habibullah (master of tarekat/sufism). Silat Starlak is not to be used for competition, but rather for self-defense and spiritual growth. Nowadays this style can still be found in the Sawahlunnto Regency, a province of West Sumatra. In other parts of Indonesia it is difficult to find practitioners of this old style among the young generation. However, more recent styles are influenced by silat Starlak, such as Persaudaraan Setia Hati in Java. First, it has to be counted as one of the “aliran” of what I call the “classical” period of Minangkabau “silek”, as far as we have information. It seems to have been developed approximately at the same period as the Aliran Kumango (around 1852 by Syech Abdurrachman (“Syech Kumango”) from the village of Kumango, KECAMATAN Sungai Tarab, KABUPATEN Tanah Datar) and the famous Aliran Pauh (to my information based on some older “silek”-styles of the LUHAK NAN TIGO, especially from the vicinity of Lintau, KABUPATEN Tanah Datar, and (again) Kamang, KABUPATEN Agam, which in the 1840ies were melted into a new style in the villages around Padang). the Starlak and the Silek Tuo quite closely related. One important difference the Starlak didn’t use any “bungo” or flower movements, it is straight forward.
Ikhtiar Bela Diri
A self-defence system founded in Malaysia with influences from Indo/Malay Silat styles and influences from other Asian styles. It is being practiced in several states of Malaysia. It deals with the most common attacks and works around 3 basic responses that includes the use of target strikes. Identification of risk situations and avoidance. Identifying target areas on an attackerâ€™s body. The system is focussed on modern day situations in the Western and the Eastern societies. Also teaches the official Ikhtiar Bela Diri self-defence weapon Duri.
Seni Silat Cekak is a Malay art (Seni) of self defence (Silat) which is genuinely original and can be counted upon to preserve life. It is not a style of silat which is ceremonious in nature used for performances at traditional Malay weddings such as Silat Pulut or Silat Pengantin. As such, Silat Cekak does not have any musical accompaniment such as the traditional Malay drum or Gendang and does not perform graceful dance-like movements for public amusement such as Silat Pengantin. In fact, Silat Cekak does not utilize any evading nor side stepping techniques, whether to the left or right, in mortal combat. It deals with hostile aggression head on. Thus, Silat Cekak is a combat oriented art. It is more to defensive-type of silat because it applies 99% defending technique and only 1% attacking technique. This silat does not have any Bunga (Pattern), Langkah Gerak or Kuda-kuda (Guarding Stand). The movements or counter-attacks of this silat is quite unpredictable because it doesn’t apply Kuda-kuda in its movements.
Silat Firasah is started from Haji Darun bin Haji Ibrahim in Seri Menanti Palace, Kuala Pilah, Negeri Sembilan. Haji Darun bin Haji Ibrahim is grandfather of Haji Tahir bin Mohd Aral. Haji Darun was religius officer to Tengku Muhammad, father of 1st. Yang Dipertuan Agung, Tuanku Abdul Rahman bin Muhammad.
Founded by Hj Tahir bin Mohd Aral and started teaching in 1960. Propagated the knowledge to other parts of the world by Hj Idris bin Alimuda.
The combative tactics of Silat Kesateria founded by Simon Das aka Muhd Sayful Ibrahim Currently based in London are for war and consists of a healthy balance of pukulan (striking ), kuncian (locking/grappling), and jatuhan(throwing/groundwork) in the Form of ‘buah’ means fruit and pukul means ‘to hit’ or ‘beat’. The eight bodily weapons–2 knuckles, 2 elbows, 2 knees, and 2 feet–represent the ‘buahs’ which readily divert, block and attack the opponent(s) under the inspiring movements of the divine master and naturally move swiftly through all ranges of combat with and without weapons. By the nature of it, Seni Silat Kesateria teaches offensive techniques as compared to self defence methods. As in a real fight combat instincts supersede quick thinking. However, this physical component is only about 10% of the art–the rest focuses on the mind and spirit.
First and foremost the important thing to know is that it isnâ€™t a commercial school, it is a traditional closed door school with genuine lineage, and the art will never be prostituted because of itâ€˜s value.
The founder and Chief Instructor Simon Das claims no title such as pendekar, Guru, etc, he teaches us to be good Murids of Silat, and leads by example by only claiming to be a Murid (disciple) of genuine Silat Gurus – . The only way to describe Seni Silat Kesateria is to meet and be taught by its embodiment – Simon Das, from it is an amalgamation of his life.
In the art we learn; how the coiling(opening) and uncoiling(closing) of the body can be utilized for power and speed, body mechanics, internal energy development, combat in all ranges, weapons, multiple opponents, combat in all positions, sweeps, locks, and more. However the primary focus of the system is striking, we are taught to develop internal striking power, and to utilize it in every position and range. The system teaches the overkill mentality, and multiple attacker awareness and looking for fight stopping strikes at every moment.
The Buah (forms) and jurus in the system are short and is a vehicle so that the above mentioned aspects of training can be understood by a series of movements that flow into one another, and how to apply the principles simultaneously.
Various short drills are taught that can be practiced in different stances and positions, but the repetition of principles is what the system is based around.
Sparring is full contact without pads and is done in various positions and conditions which has led me to realizing the importance of environmental awareness, and adapting to various conditions. Both set and free sparring is utilized in the system, striking, locking, multiple attackers, positions and ranges is encouraged but the overkill mentality and directness is what is at the heart of the system.
The physical flow of Silat is appreciable, it teaches you to move continuously, but to move with knowledge (structure, technique, timing, distancing, etc). When you see a highly skilled exponent of Seni Silat Kesateria, or itâ€™s founder move you will see â€˜no hesitation and deliberationâ€™ in combat.
Everything belongs to God, from our breath, to our life. In Seni Silat Keysatria the aim is for every movement to be for, to, and with God, and to bring that focus to every aspect of your life. Its Guru Representative s Haji Idris bin Alimuda guru of silat firasah to which it is a brother system! it is also a brother system to silat fitrah.
Seni Silat Bongsu
Pertubuhan Seni Silat Telapak Nusantara Malaysia
It is said, from the oral traditions of the elders, the progenitor of this style was Tuan Sheikh Ali, an Islamic scholar and master of Islamic studies who visited the Sumatran Islands long before its foreign occupation. During this time, Islam had just arrived to that region of Indonesia. Aside from teaching the locals of the truth of Islam, he also taught them a martial art form which he developed based on inspirations and experience. These necessary inspirations came spontaneously to him repeatedly whenever the need to defend himself arose and helped develop the art further. There were a few distinct stages of development in this style which currently makes up the 7 levels of proficiency. Each level imparts different methods, techniques and philosophies.
The final development in this style is the level named Silat Bongsu, which is the most simplified and versatile form. Silat Bongsu is the core of the total understanding of all Silat styles founded by Tuan Sheikh Ali. Because of this, Silat Bongsu is also known as the â€˜Ibu Silatâ€™. Seni Silat Bongsu has now become the first level of instruction in Pertubuhan Seni Silat Telapak Nusantara Malaysia. It is appropriate in terms of the technique, application and philosophy of this unique style. There are also higher levels that are more expansive and require a deeper understanding to learn it. These advance Silat styles function as the extrapolation of Silat Bongsu. Each style contributed to the diversification of techniques, a group identity or even a style identity. Some styles previously had no name but were given them by the masters of each particular style.
Other silat systems:
a Silat style founded by Dan Inosanto to honour his Silat teachers. It is composed of styles from Malaysia (Ma), the Philippines (Phil) and Indonesia (Indo). There are only 18 instructors in the world who are certified in this style.
It is the name given to a system of martial arts, grounded in eskrima, silat and Filipino Martial Arts. The AMOK! system was created, refined and developed by Tom Sotis, the head of the International Blade Fighters’ Guild.
Hurricane Combat Arts
Uses elements of Silat, Muay Thai, Systema and Jeet Kun Do.
Piper System or Cape Knife Fighting
A blend of Malay Silat brought by slaves ( Malay, Indonesian and Javanese) in the 17th century South Africa and the fighting system ( stick, club, shield, spear and dagger) of the Zulu warriors.
Poekoelan Tjimindie Tulen
Poekoelan Tjimindie Tulen is a martial art which fuses Indonesian Silat and Chinese Kung Fu. It was brought from Indonesia to America in 1956 by the Dutch-Indonesian Mas Goeroe Agoeng Willy John Christopher Wetzel. It was also taught by his son Roy Wetzel, and continues to flourish through the leadership of Mas Goeroe Barbara Niggel, who studied with Mas Goeroe Agoeng Willy Wetzel from her childhood, and under whose guidance fourteen schools actively teach this art around the world.
Tenaga Kembar The history of Tenaga Kembar:
In order to understand the basic philosophy of Tenaga Kembar Freestyle Fighting, one notices a number of striking features with other martial systems of the world. There are many similarities in the techniques used by the different martial arts/styles. Every striking style has a variation of the basic punches and kicks. Almost every grappling art has a variation in several takedowns, throws and groundfighting techniques. Some martial arts specialised in punching, like boxing, some specialised in kicking, like Taekwondo, others specialised in grappling and groundfighting. There are several styles who evolved their art in a combination of punching, kicking and grappling, like Muay Thai, Pencak Silat, Jujitsu, Kung Fu, etc. Despite the overlapping in techniques there are differences in the way some techniques are used by the different martial arts. In time these differences resulted in many fighting styles. Within any given art massive changes can occur over time. During history martial arts skills all over the world developed and evolved in time of war and civil strife. An important fact in the evolution of fighting is the human body. The human body is roughly the same all over the world, therefore the evolution of fighting in different regions at different times has gone through almost the same development. I started my training in 1974 at the age of 4. In the privacy of our home, my father Raden B. Pijloo, started teaching me and my sister R.A. Brigitte Pijloo in the basics of Pencak Silat, Jujitsu and Karate. At the age of 6, I started training in Judo, however after 2 years I switched to Pencak Silat training (Pamor-Badai) under Guru Jim Schulz and started training Muay Thai under Master Sken. During this period my father continued my personal training and initiated me in the spiritual aspects of fighting: Tenaga Dalam and the Ilmu Kebatinan. These aspects of fighting deal with power breathing, mind control and the mystical adat (heritage) of my ancestors, who were the rulers in West-Sumatra, Bankahulu and still are the basics of Tenaga Kembar. I continued my Pencak Silat training till the age of 18, with Teoman, who was a Guru Muda at that time, in the Setia Hati tjabang under the late Maha Guru Frits Vermaessen.
In 1988 I started to combine the different techniques, strategies and concepts which I felt were most suitable and effective. In this process the fundamental layers of Tenaga Kembar were realised. Tenaga Kembar deals with all ranges and aspects of fighting, it is an adaptive way of fighting. Tenaga Kembar is not a new style or art, it is simply my development in the martial arts. For me it really is a free style of fighting because there are no boundaries or limitations. Students in Tenaga Kembar go through a basic training in skill and techniques, after that each student receives an exclusive training program suitable for his or her individual physical and mental qualities. Today, in the year 2004, 16 years after I founded Tenaga Kembar, it is still a dynamic and adaptive way of fighting. I know one day my family and students will continue this process.You might also like: